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Thursday, November 19, 2009

tsaMj ftgkn
lc èkku ckbl ialsjh\
'khck vlye Q+geh
fiz; jktsUnz th]
gal ¼ebZ 2009½ esa vkius viuh le> ls cM+s t+:jh vkSj pqukSrhiw.kZ loky mBk, gSa- Lokr o blds vklikl
py jgs rkfyckuh rkaMo ls ;g loky vkSj Hkh egRoiw.kZ o lkef;d gks mBs gSa- vkius lgh dgk gS fd eSa eqfLye
yM+fd;ksa ds i{k esa tks rdZ ns jgh gwa og dqjku ls gh gSa vkSj ;g Hkh lgh gS fd ^eSa Hkh viuh ckrsa cp&cp
dj dg jgh gwa-*
bl LraHk ds igys ys[k esa gh eSaus ?kksf"kr :i ls r; fd;k Fkk fd ;g LraHk ^eqlyeku efgykvksa dks fir`lÙkk
o enZoknh lkekftdrk ls eqDr dj U;k;] cjkcjh vkSj vkRelEeku dk jkLrk fn[kkus ds fy, gS tks fd mUgsa
muds èkeZ us gt+kjksa lky igys fn;k Fkk ij eè; ,f'k;k] vjc Hkwfe ds d+chykbZ laLÑfr ds lektksa us] bLyke
dh fo'kq) enZoknh O;k[;k dj gM+i fy;kdqjku
ds ekè;e ls ukjhoknh psruk fodflr djuk vkidks D;ksa vViVk yx jgk gS ;g esjh le> esa ugha
vk;k D;ksafd bl gh laikndh; esa Lo;a vki fy[krs gSa fd ^^mèkj ^Lokr* esa rkfyckuksa ds d+gj dh fny ngyk
nsus okyh rLohjsa jkst+ vk jgh gSa vkSj lkjs eqfLye laxBu pqi gSa---fdlh us ugha dgk fd ;g bLyke gekjk ugha
gS---\** jktsUnz th vkidks rkfyckuksa dh HkRlZuk eqfLye laxBuksa ls gh D;ksa pkfg,\ blfy, fd vki tkurs
gSa fd ckd+h dh nqfu;k bUgsa fdruk Hkh x+yr Bgjk,] tc rd [kqn bLykeh nqfu;k budh gjdrksa dks bLyke
fojksèkh dgdj bUgs vijkèkh ?kksf"kr ugha djsxh ;g vius ,tsaMs dks ^et+gc dh f[k+ner* dgdj Lo%LQwrZ cus
jgsaxs- fcYdqy ;gh ekeyk eqlyeku vkSjrksa ij bLyke ds uke ij yx jgh ikcafn;ksa dk Hkh gS- rkfyckuh fnekx+
tgka&tgka Hkh eqlyeku vkSjrksa ij bLyke ds uke ij neu dj jgs gSa ogka&ogka bLyke ds t+fj, gh mUgsa lgh
jkLrk fn[kkus dh t+:jr gSblh
lanHkZ esa vkids laikndh; dk nwljk vkSj T+;knk egRoiw.kZ fojksèkkHkkl is'k djrh gwa- vkius fQ+Ye ^[+kqnk
ds fy,* dk mykguk fn;k fd ,slh vPNh fQ+Yesa eqfLye lekt esa O;kid cgl D;ksa ugha iSnk djrha\ jktsUnz
th bl fQYe dk lkj D;k gS\ ;gh u fd rkfyckuh ekSykuk rkfgjh ds dV~Vj bLykeftlesa tsgkn] laxhr
ls uQ+jr] L=kh&f'k{kk dk fojksèk] enZoknh L=kh&iq#"k lacaèk] vkèkqfud oL=k&f'k{kk&thou'kSyh dk fojksèk] if'pe dk
fojksèk dk vR;ar rkfdZd mÙkj ekSykuk oyh bLyke dh f'k{kk] bfrgkl o O;k[;k ls nsdj ekSykuk rkfgjh dks
ijkLr dj nsrs gSa- fQ+Ye esa ;g n`'; ikfdLrku ds ,d ^lsD;wyj&dksVZ* esa ?kfVr gksrk gS ftlds U;k;kèkh'k dks
Hkh ekSykuk rkfgjh bLyke ds uke ij t+yhy djds pqi djk nsrk gS vkèkqfud&lsD;wyj d+kuwu ds rdZ ekSykuk
rkfgjh dks fopfyr ugha dj ikrs- og tt dk vieku dj vkèkqfud dkuwu O;oLFkk dks bLyke fojksèkh dgrk
jgrk gS- ij tc ekSykuk oyh bLyke esa laxhr] f'k{kk] fudkg esa L=kh dh et+hZ] gyky dekbZ] vkèkqfud os'kHkw"kk
o oL=k vkfn dks bLykeh bfrgkl] d+qjku dh O;k[;k o eksgEen lkgc ds thou ls mnkgj.k ysdj fl) djrs
gSa rks ekSykuk rkfgjh ds x+qCckjs dh gok fudy tkrh gS vkSj mldk xqejkg fd;k ukStoku ljen mldh gh efLtn
esa thal&Vh&'kVZ esa vt+ku nsdj mls pqukSrh Hkh ns ikrk gS- jktsUnz th bl fQYe dh eqag Hkj&Hkjdj rkjhQ+ djus
ds ckn vki eq>s mykguk ns jgs gSa fd ^eSa d+qjku gnhl o lqUu% dks gh u, lanHkks± esa O;k[;kf;r djus yxrh
gwa\**
vkids vuqlkj eqlyeku vkSjrksa esa ukjh psruk tkx`r djus ds fy, eq>s if'pe dh ^jS'kusYVh* ;kuh oSKkfud
twu] 2009
^rkfdZdrk* dk mnkgj.k nsuk pkfg,\ osfVdu ds iknfj;ksa fd felkysa nsuh pkfg,\ tks euq";ksa dks bl ^rdZ*
ij ^lUr* dh mikèkh ls foHkwf"kr djrs gksa fd ml balku us ^fejsdy* ;k ^vykSfdd peRdkj* dj fn[kk;k gks\
enj Vsjslk dk mnkgj.k vHkh iqjkuk ugha gqvk gS- oSKkfud rkfdZdrk vkSj vykSfdd peRdkjnksuksa dks vkRelkr
dj ikusokyh vkidh rkfdZdrk dk vkèkkj 'kk;n ;g gS fd if'pe lekt ds vkèkqfud bfrgkl ;kuh
^,UykbVsUesUV* dk vkius vè;;u fd;k gS vkSj mlds }kjk fn, x, cjkcjh] d+kuwu dk jkt] O;fDrokn] U;k;]
Lora=krk] iztkra=k tSls ewY;ksa dks fo'kq) ;wjksih; vkfo"dkj eku fy;k gS- vkSj osVhdu o dSFkksfyd ppZ D;ksafd
;wjksi esa fLFkr gSa] rks ;g Hkh blh vkèkqfud
[k+Sj] ;gka eqn~nk ;g ugha gS- eqn~nk ;g gS fd Hkkjr tSls rhljh nqfu;k ds lcls ncs&dqpys] vui<+] nfer
L=kh oxZ ls vki oSKkfud o jS'kuy fMLdkslZ esa ckr djuk pkgrs gSa- D;k ;g dqN tYnckt+h ugha gS\ vkids
laikndh; dk rhljk fojksèkkHkkl ;g gS fd vki rqdhZ ds bLyke ;k baMksusf'k;k ds bLyke dh rkjhQ+ Hkh dj
jgs gSa vkSj iwjs fo'o ds bLyke dks ,d Hkh eku jgs gSa- D;k vki ;g ugha ns[k ikrs fd tks {ks=k bLyke iwoZ
dh d+chykbZ O;oLFkk esa tdM+s gSa ogha ij fL=k;ksa ij vR;kpkj vfèkd gSavjc]
vÝ+hd+k vkSj eè; ,f'k;k ds vQ+xkfuLrku vkSj ikfdLrku ftlesa] Hkkjrh; iatkc&gfj;k.kk o fnYyh
Hkh 'kkfey gSa] esa d+chykbZ pfj=k o ekufldrk L=kh neu dk dkj.k gSa- gfj;k.kk] iatkc o fnYyh esa ^vkWuj
fdfyax* ^vkèkqfud* fganw lekt dh Øwj lPpkbZ gS ;k ugha\ vkidks Kkr gksxk fd vkt Hkh csVh ds x+Sj&fcjknjh
esa 'kknh dj ysus ij vejhdk&dukMk esa cls fganw o fl[k ifjokj ^lqikjh&fdfyax* djok nsrs gSa- vejhdh ^jS'kuy*
vkèkqfudrk Hkh bu d+chykbZ ifjos'k ls vk, i<+s&fy[ks fo'o ukxfjdksa dk dqN ugha fcxkM+
ikrh- gfj;k.kk vkSj iatkc esa rks iqfyl o LFkkuh; usrk Hkh bu ^vkuj&fdfyax* dks vukfèkdkfjd :i ls tk;t+
Bgjkrs gSa D;ksafd muds vuqlkj Hkh ,slh ^dqyVk csfV;ksa* dks ;gh lt+k feyuh pkfg,-
nwljh rjQ+ :l ls vyx gq, ikap eqfLye ns'kksa] phuh eqfLye lekt] baMksusf'k;k] eysf'k;k] flaxkiqj] vkSj
;ksjksi o vejhdk tgka eqlyeku nwljh lcls cM+h vkcknh gSa ls ,slh ?kVuk,a lquus esa ugha vkrh] gkykafd bLyke
dh fycjy O;k[;k dh dksf'k'ksa ;gka Hkh tkjh gSa- mÙkj Hkkjrh; eqfLye lekt Hkh d+chykbZ o ¶+;wMy pfj=k ls
eqfDr ugha ik ldk gS- tcfd egkjk"Vª] dsjy vkfn ds eqlyeku mnwZ&fganh {ks=k ds eqlyekuksa ls T+;knk fycjy
o f'kf{kr gSavkius
esjs cgkus eqfLye lekt ls ;g Hkh iwNk gS fd ^^d+qjku vkSj 'kfj;r ds baVjfizVs'ku ¼O;k[;k,a½ gh
rkfyckuksa ds fn'kk&funsZ'k curs gSa vkSj fQ+nk;huksa dk fuekZ.k djrs gSa-** jktsUnz th] dk'k èkeZ ds izfr vkidh
>qa>ykgV vkSj x+qLlk] vkidks vkSj xgjs vè;;u o fo'ys"k.k dh vksj izsfjr dj ikrk- ^rkfycku* ds dqdeks±
ls ysdj csekuh fgalk rd tks dqN Hkh gks og bLyke ;k d+qjku lEer blfy, ugha cu tkrk D;ksafd mls vjch
Hkk"kk ds fdlh 'kCn ls iqdkjk tkrk gS- ^rkfycku*] ^eqtkfgnhu*] ^y'dj*] ^fQ+nk;hu*] ^tsgknh*] ^tS'k* vkfn
vjch 'kCnksa dh vkM+ esa vQ+he o voSèk gfFk;kjksa ls ysdj fl[kksa ls tft+;k olwyus tSls tks xksj[kèkaèks py jgs
gSa og fo'kq) vkèkqfud ^ioZjtu* gSa] ftUgsa ^bLykeh* xfrfofèk;ka ekudj vki bu fxjksgksa dks èkkfeZd oSèkrk
ns jgs gSa- fo'o fcjknjh budh gjdrksa dks ftruk ^bLyke* ls tksM+sxh ;g mrus gh etcwr gksaxs- bu ?kVukvksa
dks ^bLykfed vkbfM;y Vkbi* dh igpku nsuk gh lcls [k+rjukd Hkwy gS- vkSj ;g vkils pkgrs Hkh cl bruk
gh gaS fd budh gjdrksa dks ^bLykeh* ekuk tk, ftlls tulkèkkj.k Hkzfer gks vkSj bUgsa O;kid fojksèk dk lkeuk
u djuk iM+s- muds eueqvkfQ+d+ ;g x+yrh vki tkudkjh dh deh ds dkj.k djrs gSa] vejhdk bls izk;ksftr
djrk gS] ftlls fd mls bu lektksa dks ^lqèkkjus] yksdrkaf=kd o lH;* cukus ds vfèkdkj izkIr gks ldsa- ¼t+jk
,MoMZ lbZn dh ^vksfj;UVy fFk;jh* nksgjk yhft, rks le> esa vk,xk fd½ ;g vjch ukeksaokys vkanksyu o
nLrs tks 1400 lkyksa esa dHkh ugha cus] vc dqdqjeqÙkksa dh rjg D;ksa mx jgs gSa\
^rkfycku* dk izk;kstd vejhdk ds flok dkSu gS\ D;k T+;knk cM+k loky ;g ugha fd bu voSèk fxjksgksa
ds ikl dHkh u [k+Re gksus okyh vR;kèkqfud gfFk;kjksa dh fuckZèk lIykbZ dgka ls gks jgh gS\ D;k buds ikl
ce] ykapj] eksVkZj] felkby] VSad] ,-ds- 47 xzsusM tSls vfrvkèkqfud gfFk;kjksa o midj.kksa dh mRiknu rduhd
o {kerk gS\ ;g dSls vpkud bu egaxs vkSj lVhd gfFk;kjksa ds lkFk fcyksa ls izdV gks tkrs gSa\ dkSu&lk ckt+kj]
ra=k o ,tsafl;ka gS tks gfFk;kjksa dh fcØh o mUgsa bu gokbZ&iV~Vhfoghu chgM+] nqxZe LFkkuksa rd ^,;j fy¶V*
o ^Mªki* dj jgh gSa\ bruh cM+h la[;k esa lkefjd lkt vks lkeku fcuk fdlh dh ut+j esa vk,] bu fBdkuksa
ij dSls igqaprk gS\ fo'o Hkj esa py jgh eUnh dk vlj bu fxjksgksa dh xfrfofèk;ksa ij D;ksa ugha fn[krk\
;k dgha ,slk rks ugha fd fdUgha ^ckt+kjksa* dh eanh dks bUgha [k+jhnkjksa ds t+fj, mckjk tk jgk gks\
vejhdk] bt+zkby] phu tSls gfFk;kjksa ds nqdkunkjksa dh ^èkeZfujis{k rVLFkrk* muls ;g loky ugha djrh
fd vkf[k+j mudk cuk;k&cspk eky dgka [ki jgk gS\ tc Hkkjr esa vkradokfn;ksa ls feys NksVs gfFk;kjksa ls ;g
rqjar fpfUgr gks tkrk gS fd ;g gfFk;kj dgka dk mRiknu gS rks ogka ;q)&VSdksa o jkWdsV&ykapjksa ds [kqysvke
iz;ksx ds ckotwn ;g loky dksbZ D;ksa ugha mBkrk\ Lo;a vesfjdk gh ;g cqfu;knh loky D;ksa ugha djrk\
vkf[k+j ;g dksbZ NksVs&NksVs ghjs&tokgj rks gS ugha fd iBku viuh 'kyokj ds usQ+s esa Nqikdj rLdjh dj ys\
buds mn~xe dk LFkku r; dj ^lIykbZ ij jksd* yxkus ds fy, vejhdk tSlk l{ke xq+aMk pqi D;ksa gS\ D;ksafd
mldk ed+ln nksuksa i{kksa dks gfFk;kj csprs jguk gS cl-
[k+Sj ^bLykfed Q+sfefuT+e* dk ed+ln eqlyeku vkSjrksa dks ;g crkuk gS fd bLyke esa vkSjr gksus dk
eryc vf'kf{kr] ijkfJr] x+jhc] cslgkjk] nq[kh] ?kj dh pkjnhokjh esa can vKkuh gksuk ugha gksrk] ¼mijksDr
c;ku dk eryc ;g Hkh ugha fd orZeku esa eqlyeku vkSjrsa nq[kh gh gSa½ tSlk fd dBeqYys pkgrs gSa- ysfdu
rkTtqc ;g gS fd gj ckj vki tSls rkfdZd cqf)thoh bu dBeqYyksa }kjk izLrqr ^LVhfj;ksVkbi* dh rkbZn D;ksa
djrs gSa\ ;s dgrs gSa bLyke vkSjr dks enZ ls derj le>rk gS rks vki eku ysrs gSa] ;s dgrs gSa fd rkyhckuh
O;oLFkk gh bLykeh O;oLFkk gS] rks vki Hkh ;gh dgrs gSagj
ckj vki rkfyckuksa] eqtkfgnhuksa ds ikys esa D;ksa pys tkrs gSa\ dBeqYyksa] ng'krxnks± dh vrkfdZd o
fgald xfrfofèk;ksa dks vke eqlyeku bLykeh ugha ekurk] ij vki ekurs gSa- bu lÙkkyksyqiksa ds lkFk gka eas
gka feykus esa vki lnSo&lg"kZ rS;kj D;ksa jgrs gSa\ vxj vki ugha tkurs D;ksa] rks eSa gh crk, nsrh gwa] viuh
reke gennhZ vkSj usdfu;rh ds ckotwn lPpkbZ ;g gS fd vki ^bLyke* dks ugha tkurs- vki Lo;a Lohdkj
pqds gSa fd vkius bLyke ds ewyxzaFk d+qjku ds iUus dHkh ugha iyVs- vki eq>s pqukSrh nsrs gSa fd ftl rjg
vkius gal esa 24 lky fganw èkeZ dh cf[k+;k mèksM+h gS D;k eSa ,slk dj ldrh gwa\
D;k vkidks yxrk gS fd fganw&èkeZ vkSj bLyke ,d nwljs dh dkcZu dkWih gSa\ D;k lHkh èkeZ ,d&nwljs dh
ud+y ek=k gSa\ bZ'oj ds vfLrRo dks Lohdkjus ds vykok dksbZ nwljk fcanq ugha tks fdUgha nks èkeks± esa leku gks]
¼;gka rd fd bZ'oj ds xq.k Hkh lHkh èkeks± esa vyx gSa½- vki fganw&èkeZ xzaFkksa dks i<+uk gh dkQ+h le>rs gSa\ fd
dq+jku] 'kjh;r vkSj gnhl 'kk;n xhrk] osn&mifu"knksa ds vjch laLdj.k gSa\ vki rkfdZdrk dks balku dh loksZPp
miyfCèk ekurs gSa vkSj [+kqn dks ,d rkfdZd balku- rks ;g dSlh rkfdZdrk gS tks fdlh n'kZu dks tkus&le>s
fcuk gh] fdlh nwljs n'kZu ds mnkgj.kksa ls jn~n dj nsrh gS\ D;k Hkkjr esa yksdra=k vkSj lafoèkku vkèkkfjr
O;oLFkk dh dke;kch ij blfy, 'kadk trkbZ tk ldrh gS fd og iM+kslh eqYdksa ikfdLrku&vQ+xkfuLrku esa
fiV xbZ\
uCcs ds n'kd ls tc ,d ds ckn ,d lkE;oknh x<+
lkaps esa
ls ysdj Hkkjr rd D;k lkE;oknh fopkj viuh vkarfjd 'kfDr ls iwathoknh x+Sj lekurk o 'kks"k.k dk gy ugha
nsrk\ lksfo;r :l ds fc[kjrs gh Hkkjr dh dE;qfuLV ikfVZ;ksa dks [k+Re djus dh iSjoh D;ksa ugha gqbZ\ blfy,
fd vki bl fo"k; dks tkurs&le>rs gSa vkSj ;g tkuuk&le>uk gh cqfu;knh 'krZ gS jk; ;k Q+Slyk nsus dhpfy,]
d+qjku] gnhl] bLykeh fQ+D+g tSls xk<+s ikB u lgh vki rks rkfycku vkSj vyd+k;nk ds ijs
eqfLye&txr ls lacafèkr ^[k+cjsa* Hkh ugha i<+rs 'kk;n- f'kf{kr eqlyeku ftl bLyke dks cM+s Q+Â+ ds lkFk
viukrk gS vHkh vkius ml ij viuh esgjcku ut+j ugha Mkyh gS- fQ+Ye ^[+kqnk ds fy,* ds ealwj] ljen vkSj
ekSykuk oyh vkt cM+h rknkn esa gSa vkSj c<+ jgs gSa- mUgsa d+qjku ;k dEI;wVj] bYe ;k bcknr] bZeku ;k rdZ]
tSls pquko ugha djus iM+rs- vki ^dBeqYyk* ^bLykfed QaMkeUVfyTe*] ^bLykeh vkradokn* vkfn 'kCnksa ls
rks voxr gSa ij ^ekWMjsV&ekSykuk*] ^bTrsgkn*] ^QsFk fonvkmV fQ;j*] tSls yksdfiz; VeZ vkSj buesa fufgr
laHkkoukvksa ls okfd+Q+ ugha-
;fn d+chykbZ] ccZj] lÙkkyksyqi enZ èkeZ dks foÑr dj vkSjrksa ij t+qYe rksM+ jgs gSa rks ;g vkSj Hkh T+;knk
t:jh gS fd mUgsa mUgha ds gfFk;kjksa ls ijkLr fd;k tk,-
vkius [+kqn dgk fd ^vui<+ vkSj [+kqn eq[+rkj jguqek dc rd vke eqlyeku dh fu;fr r; djrs jgsaxs\*
rks vui<+ jguqekvksa dh tgkyr vkSj lgh bLyke dks lkeus ykus nhft,- vxj dksbZ vijkèkh lafoèkku ds fdlh
igyw dk bLrseky vius vijkèk dks tk;t+ Bgjkus ds fy, djrk gS rks ml d+kuwu dh lgh O;k[;k djus dh
t+:jr gS ;k lafoèkku dks m[kkM+ Qsadus dh\ vkf[k+j iwjs ns'k esa U;k;ikfydk dk cqfu;knh dke lafoèkku dh
lgh O;k[;k gh rks gS- bLyke dh lgh O;k[;k ls bu Øwjrkvksa dks x+SjbLykeh vkSj xqukg fl) fd;k tkuk
blhfy, t+:jh gS ftlls ;g xqugxkj ^[+kqnkbZ f[k+nerxkj* gksus dk
jk; gS fd ^^lkjs èkeZ vrhr&thoh d+chykbZ ;k lkearh gksrs gSa---vrhr dks gh ;wVksfi;k ekurs gSa-
--bLyke ftl l[+rh vkSj Øwjrk ls èkeZ jkT; LFkkfir djuk pkgrk gS og ekuoh; rLohj ugha j[krk-** ;g lgh
ugha gS D;ksafd bLykeh bfrgkl esa dksbZ vkn'kZ dky vHkh rd ugha ekuk tkrk ftldks iqu%LFkkfir djus dk
vkxzg eqlyeku djsa- nwljs] eqgEen lkgc us vjcokfl;ksa dks igyk vkns'k gh d+chys dh oQ+knkfj;ksa ls eqDr
gksus dk fn;k- mUgksaus [k+kunku o cki&nknk dh ijaijkvksa dh ikcanh can djkbZ- mUgksaus xkao] d+chyk] ns'k] Hkk"kk]
uLy] ijaijk,a o jhfr fjokt ds caèkuksa ls eqfDr ds lkQ+ vkns'k fn,- lkjh nqfu;k ds eqlyekuksa dks ,d ^mEe%*
dh igpku nh- tgka rd bLyke ds Øwjrk vkSj ryokj dh uksd ij QSyus dk vkjksi gS] t+jk crkb, fd bfrgkl
esa dHkh fdlh bLykeh lsuk us phu] eysf'k;k] baMksusf'k;k ij vkØe.k fd;k Fkk\ ugha- rks ogka bruh cM+h rknkn
esa fo'kq) phuh uLy ds eqlyeku dgka ls vk x,\ pfy, bfrgkl NksfM+,] orZeku esa vkb,bl vkèkqfud
;qx esa tc vejhdk&;ksjksi&bt+zkbZy dk lewpk izpkjra=k rkfycku] tsgkn] fQ+nk;hu] vkradokn] dks bLyke ls
tksM+dj ^gafVXVuh* Q+rok ns jgk gS] rc bl O;kid izpkj dks vuns[kk dj if'peh&vejhdh&rkfdZd xksjksa ds
chp bLyke dSls QSyrk tk jgk gS\ vkt dkSu&lh ryokj buds xys ij j[kh gS\ vkt yxHkx Hkkjr dh eqfLye
vkcknh ds cjkcj gh phu dh eqfLye vkcknh tks LosPNk ls bLyke esa gS- phu esa bLyke dks u ljdkjh laj{k.k
izkIr gS] u ogka bLyke dh ryokj gS] u eqfLye@vjc ns'kksa ls fudVrk- ;ksjksi o vejhdk esa eqlyeku nwljh
lcls cM+h vkcknh dSls cu x,\ vejhdk] Ýkal] fczVsu] teZuh vkfn ij dc fdlh eqfLye lsuk us vkØe.k
fd;k\
;g lgh gS fd bLyke ,d laLFkkxr èkeZ gS- blesa vkus ;k uk vkus dk QS+lyk balku vkt+knh ls dj ldrk
gS ysfdu ,d ckj bLyke esa vk x, rks bl dyes dks ekuuk gh gS fd ^^vYykg ,d gS vkSj eqgEen mlds
jlwy gSa]** vkSj ;g Hkh fd dq+jku vYykg dk dyke gS- gj èkeZ esa dqN cqfu;knh 'krs± gksrh gS ftUgsa v{kj{k%
Lohdkj fd, cx+Sj vki ml èkeZ dk fgLlk ugha cu ldrs- bZ'oj ;k vYykg dk otwn yxHkx gj èkeZ esa gS
vkSj vxj ;g u gks rks fQj mls ^èkeZ* dgsaxs gh D;ksa\ blfy, tc ,d ukfLrd cqf)thoh ¼jktsUnz ;kno½ ,d
èkkfeZd lewg ls ;g loky djsa fd D;k vki ^dq+jku] 'kjh;r vkSj gnhl ls eqDr ugha gks ldrs\* rks u cqjk
yxrk gS u >qa>ykgV gksrh gS D;ksafd vki ftl vkbySaM ij [kM+s gksdj ;g loky dj jgs gSa mldk ml cM+h
t+ehu ls dksbZ ysu&nsu cpk gh ugha tgka balku [kqn dks ,d fo'okl ds lkFk loksZPp lÙkk ds gokys dj nsrk
gSysfdu
>qa>ykgV rc gksrh gS tc eqfLye lekt dh gj cqjkbZ dh BhdM+k ^bLyke èkeZ* ds flj QksM+ fn;k
tkrk gS- ;g Hkwydj fd ftl lqdjkr&IysVks&vjLrw ds n'kZu ij vkt dk ^bUykbVsuesaV fMLdkslZ* [kM+k gS] mls
if'pe rd bLykeh nk'kZfudksa us gh igqapk;k- vki dgsaxs fd eSa fQj 700 lky ihNs nkSM+ xbZ rks eSa dgwaxh fd
;g crkus ds fy, fd viuh LFkkiuk ds dbZ lkS lkyksa rd bLyke dh mnkjrk vkSj vjch Hkk"kk ds dkj.k gh
if'pe dks ;wukuh Q+ylQ+k vkSj Kku gLrkarfjr gks ldk ojuk ;wjksi esa ^MkdZ ,t* irk ugha dc rd pyrhokftc
loky ;g gS fd tc bLyke ds 'kq#vkrh 'krkfCn;ksa esa eqlyeku lekt bruk mnkj Fkk fd n'kZu o
Kku ds gj lzksr dks [kaxky jgk Fkk rks ckn dh 'krkfCn;ksa esa ;g ijaijk can D;ksa gks xbZ\
bLyke ij ;g rksger Hkh cscqfu;kn gS fd ^^bLyke ,d tM+ et+gc gS] tgka dqN ugha cnyrk vkSj flQ+Z
,d O;k[;k ij lkjs fo'o esa eqlyeku vey dj jgs gSa-**
cgqr 'kq#vkr esa gh bLyke dh pkj vyx&vyx O;k[;k,a gks xbZ Fkha vkSj gj eqlyeku dks ;g vkt+knh
gS fd og fdlh Hkh elyd dks ekus- pkjksa ds 'kfj;k% esa vyx&vyx izkoèkku gSa dqN nwljksa ls T+;knk mnkjoknh
Hkh gSa- blds vykok pkj vkSj elyd cusf'k;k] t+kfgnh] rSehjh vkSj tkQ+jh- ,d vkèkqfud felky nsf[k,
ln~nkWe gqlSu ds bjkd+ esa cgqr ls 'kfj;r izkoèkku f'k;k fQ+jd+s ds ykxw fd, x, D;ksafd os lqUuh 'kjh;r ls
T+;knk mnkjoknh Fks- fdlh vkfye ;k eqfLye eqYd us bl ij dksbZ vkifÙk ugha mBkbZ- tcfd ogh ln~nke f'k;k
bjku ls yM+rk jgk vkSj f'k;k d+kuwu Hkh pykrk jgk- D;k ;g xqatkb'k vkidks fdlh laHkkouk dk b'kkjk ugha
djrh\ gka vxj vki ;gka ij ;g rdZ nsa fd mlus cgjgky ,d bLykeh O;oLFkk gh viukbZ] vejhdh mnkjokn
ugha viuk;k rks fQj eSa dgwaxh fd ,d rks vejhdh O;oLFkk [kqn vius lekt ds fy, Hkh ijQs+DV ugha lks
vPNk gS fd dksbZ mldh ud+y u djs] nwljs ;g fd bLyke ls ckgj tkus dk eqn~nk ugha gS eqn~nk ;g gS fd
[+kqn bLyke esa fdruk yphykiu gSvkils
f'kdk;r ;g gS fd vkius uk rks d+qjku i<+h] u bLykeh U;k;O;oLFkk u n'kZu- bl vHkko esa vkidk
fo'ys"k.k bruk vèkwjk vkSj LVhfj;ksVkbi vkèkkfjr gks tkrk gS fd vki ^pkaneksgEen vkSj fQ+t+k* ;k èkesUZnz vkSj
gsekekfyuh dh eDdkjh dks Hkh bLyke ds lj e<+ nsrs gSa- ;g enZoknh lekt o d+kuwu dh deh gS fd ,d
rks og fookfgr tksM+s dks ^MsM&,UM* ij [kM+k dj nsrh gS fd ;fn fookg ls ckgj vkuk gks rks ,d&nwljs dh
lkoZtfud NhNkysnj ykt+eh gS- nwljs lekt bruk enZoknh gS fd vkSjr iRuh ds ntsZ ds fcuk vlgk; o yfTtr
eglwl djrh gS- jksVh diM+k vkSj edku ls ysdj gj xkjaVh flQ+Z ifr ds jgrs rd gSa- Hkkjrh; lekt igys
rks uktq+d] eklwe] deflu vkSj NqbZ&eqbZ lh iRuh jksekaVhlkbt+ dj mUgha dk mRiknu djrk gS- t+jk irk yxkb,
fd fdl ifjokj dks ^jkuh >kalh* tSlh lcyk cgw pkfg,] vkn'kZ cgw vkt Hkh pqi jgus okyh NqbZ&eqbZ gh gSnwljh
rjQ+ ;g Hkh pkgrk gS fd ifr tc vyx gksuk pkgs iRuh lg"kZ Lohdkj ys- vjs tc vkSjr ,d ijthoh
tarq dh rjg rS;kj dh tk,xh rks og vkt+knh vkSj vkRefuHkZjrk dks dSls Lohdkjsxh\ vkSj ,slh ifRu;ksa ls ihNk
NqM+kus ds fy, bLyke dh ,d ,slh O;oLFkk ¼tks fd iSx+caj lkgc us ^mgwn* ;q)ksijkar enhuk 'kgj ds enks± dks
l'krZ nh Fkh D;ksafd eDdkokfl;ksa ds lkFk tax esa nl izfr'kr ls T+;knk enZ vkcknh ;q) dk f'kdkj gqbZ vkSj
mudh csok o ;rheksa dks lgkjk pkfg, Fkk½ dk bLrseky fganw enZ dj jgs gSa tks fd [+kqn eqlyeku NksM+ pyk
gS- gka] dBeqYyksa dh ckr vkSj gS] os t+:j bls ^gd+* le>rs gSa ij vejhdk] ;ksjksi ls ysdj Hkkjr&phu rd
eqlyeku ,d iRuh fookg gh esa jg jgs gSa- fookfgr tksM+s dks ;g vfèkdkj gS ;k ugha fd ;fn lacaèk [k+jkc
gks tk,a ;k ifr&iRuh ,d&nwljs ls larq"V u gksa rks vyx gks tk,a\ bLyke ;g gd+ nsrk gS fd vxj choh pkgs
rks dksbZ otg u crk, vkSj ^[+kqyk* ys ys- choh dks ;g Hkh gd+ gS fd vius fudkgukes esa gh ;g 'krZ j[k
ns fd tc og vkt+kn gksuk pkgsxh 'kkSgj mls rykd+ nsxk vkSj ;g 'krZ enZ dks ykft+eh rkSj ij ekuuh gksxh
ojuk fudkg [k+kfjt+- gka enZ ij ikcanh gS fd og rykd+ nsus ls igys dq+jku esa nh xbZ fgnk;rksa dk ikyu djs
vkSj choh dks mfpr vkSj mnkj jd+e o lkeku nsdj :[k+lr djs- vkt Hkkjrh; U;k;ikfydk Hkh eqlyeku vkSjrksa
ds ekeys esa bu izkoèkkuksa dks ykxw djok jgh gSafgUnw
èkeZ ds ukjh o nfyr fojksèkh lekukarj bLyke esa t+cjnLrh ugha Bwals tk ldrs- bLyke esa u lrh
gS] u oSèO;] u ifr ijes'oj gS] u dU;knku] u ukjh o nfyr dks osnksa ds Kku ls oafpr j[kus tSlh O;oLFkk]
u fdlh Hkh vkèkkj ij bUlkuksa ds chp Åap&uhp] u Hkxoku vkSj bUlku ds chp iqjksfgr&iafMr tSlk fcpkSfy;kgka
;g t:j gS fd og cqfu;knh 'krZ dh ikcanh gj eqlyeku ij cjkcj gS fd vYykg ,d gS vkSj eqgEen
mlds jlwy- vkSj d+qjku vYykg dk dyke gS- vki d+qjku dh ^O;k[;k* dj ldrs gSa ij dq+jku ds ,d Hkh v{kj
dks cny ugha ldrs- ;g ikcanh bLyke èkeZ ds ewy esa gS ysfdu blls ;g ugha fl) gksrk fd dqjku esa tks
fy[kk gS og vkt ds nkSj esa fujFkZd gS- ,d vkSj felky nwa] lu~ 2003 rd eqlyeku 'ks;j ekdsZV dks tq,ackt+h
dk vM~Mk eku ^gjke* dgrs jgs ysfdu tc yxk fd blds fcuk dke ugha py ldrk rks blh dqjku dh jks'kuh
esa lÅnh vjc o eysf'k;k ls Q+rok ys vk, fd 'ks;j ekdsZV esa iSlk yxkuk gjke ugha gS cl 'kjkc vkfn
gjke pht+ksa ij lkSnk ugha djuk gS- ;gh ekeyk cSfdax dk gS fd FkksM+s ls cnyko ds ckn] ftlls lwn[k+ksjh dks
c<+kok u feys] cSfdax Hkh tk;t+ ^djk* yh xbZ- u'khyh oLrqvksa ds mRiknu ;k lwn[k+ksjh tSlh Øwj O;oLFkk ij
jksd D;k bruh cM+h cqjkbZ gS fd blds fy, bLyke dks dB?kjs esa [kM+k fd;k tk,\ u'kk] lwn[k+ksjh] ft+LeQ+jks'kh
vkfn ls islk dekuk fdl lekt esa ekU; gS- gka] ;g t+:j gS fd vkt ds rd+ktksa ds fglkc ls bLyke dks

O;k[;k dh eSa ckr djrh gwa- eqlyeku vkSjrsa i<+& fy[kdj] d+qjku gh ls vius fy, jkLrs fudkyus dh tax
esa yxh gSa vkSj bls gh ^bLykfed Q+sfefuT+e* dgrs gSa- vHkh dqN fnu igys lbZnk gehn lkgsck us fudkg
i<+ok;k- cgqr loky mBs] dBeqYys gM+cM+k x, fd ;g D;k gqvk tks dHkh ugha gqvk- efgykvksa dk lhèkk&lk
rdZ dke vk;k fd bLyke vkSjr dks ugha jksdrk] cl mlesa ;g d+kcfy;r gksuh pkfg,- rks dkfcy vkSjr
d+kt+h cudj og lkjs jksy vnk dj ldrh gS tks ,d iq#"k dkt+h djrk gS- dBeqYys rks 'kk;n vHkh Hkh bl
ij jksd yxkus ds fy, gnhlksa ds iUus iyV jgs gksaxs ij gksus okyk dqN ugha D;ksafd d+kt+h dh ;ksX;rk Kku
r; djrk gS vkSj bLyke vkSjr dks Kku vtZu ls jksdrk ugha- vc crkb, bLyke elyk gS fd fir`lÙkk\
fir`lÙkk vkSjrksa esa ,sls rdZ djus dh 'kfDr ugha iuius nsrh- U;w;kdZ ls ysdj nf{k.k Hkkjr rd eqlyeku
vkSjrsa is'k&beke cuus dh Bkus gSa vkSj uekt+ Hkh i<+k pqdh gSa] fQj ogh rdZ fd dqjku ugha jksdrk cl
d+kfcfy;r gks- dgk tk ldrk gS fd fudkg ;k uekt+ i<+kus dh tn~nkstgn Hkh dksbZ ckr gS\ bldk tokc
;g gS fd ftl rjg foèkkf;dk esa efgykvksa dk gksuk muesa usr`Ro ds xq.k fodflr djrk gS mlh rjg èkkfeZd
lÙkk lzksrksa esa Hkkxhnkjh ls efgyk mRFkku o lcyhdj.k gksrk gSvkius
Hkkjrh; eqlyekuksa ij ,d vkSj rksger ;g yxkbZ fd ;s ^Hkkjrh;* ckn esa gS vkSj eqlyeku igysvki
tkurs gh gksaxs fd ;gwnh] blkbZ vkSj eqlyeku èkeZ esa nqYgu dh 'kknh dk fyckl lQ+sn gksrk gS- ij
D;k vkius dHkh fganqLrkuh eqlyeku nqYgu dks lQsn fyckl esa ns[kk\ og fganw nqYgu dh rjg yky tksM+k
igurh gS- vkSj fganw ijaijk dh gh rjg Hkkjrh; eqlyekuksa esa 'kqHk volj ij lQsn oL=kksa dks v'kqHk o 'kksd
dk izrhd Hkh ekuk tkrk gS- ;g fo'kq) Hkkjrh; ijaijk gS- ysfdu D;k vkius Hkkjrh; bZlkbZ] ;gwnh ;k ikjlh
nqYgu dks yky tksM+s esa ns[kk gS dHkh\ rks Hkkjr dh ijaijkvksa dks fdlus viuk;k\ 'kknh esa fganw jhfr&fjoktksa
dh vkSj Hkh dbZ felkys gSa 'kknh ds xhr] gYnh o esganh dh jLe vkfn- blh rjg n'kgjk o eksgjZe] fnokyh&'kcs
ckjkr] vkfn esa lhèkh lekurk,a ns[kh tk ldrh gSalwQ+
h ijaijk] et+kj ijLrh] ihjh&eqjhnh ngst izFkk] tkrh; Åapuhp] lHkh fganw èkeZ ds izHkko gSa- fganqLrkuh
eqlyeku fganqLrkuh feV~Vh esa jpk clk gSgka
vkius jk"Vª dk loky mBk;k ftl ij eq>s rkTtqc gqvk- jk"Vª tSlh lkezkT;oknh] Ñf=ke o cqtqZvk
ifjdYiuk ds fgek;rh vki tSls ekDlZoknh\ t+jk rhu eghus iqjkuk viuk laikndh; i<+ yhft,- dgha ,slk
rks ugha ^jk"Vª* dh vfXu ijh{kk dsoy vYila[;dksa ds fy, gS\ vkSj vki cgqla[;d oxZ ls gSa rks ^jk"Vª* dh
,slh&rSlh dj ldrs gSa\
pfy, ckr vkxs c<+krs gSa- 'kknh ds ckn yM+dh dk uke cnyuk ,d x+Sj&bLykeh vey gS tks Hkkjrh;
eqlyeku fganqvksa dh ns[kk&ns[kh djrk gS cfYd bLyke ds vuqlkj gj bUlku dh igpku mldh eka ds uke
ls r; gksxh bLyke esa vYykg ds ckn vxj dksbZ 'kf[+l;r gS rks og eka dh gS- #i, esa 75» gd+ eka dk
gS vkSj flQ+Z 25» cki dkvkius
dgk fd bLyke d+qcwy djus ij viuh igpku ls gkFk èkksuk iM+rk gS- vkius ftu efgykvksa dk
uke fy;k eq>s ugha ekywe fd fganw èkeZ esa jgrs gq, mudh igpku fdruh HkO; Fkh vkSj mUgsa ;g D;ksa djuk
iM+k ysfdu ;g t+:j gS fd ;g ekeyk Lo;a ukjh dh vius izfr psruk dk gS- vkfej [k+ku&fdju jko] 'kkg:[k+
[k+ku&xkSjh] vjckt+ [k+ku&eyk;dk vjksM+k] vt+g:n~nhu&laxhrk fctykuh] uokc ealwj vyh [k+ku iVkSnh&'kfeZyk
VSxksj] lSQ+ vyh [k+ku&ve`rk flag] bejku& tsfeek- ;g lc ft+ank felkys gSa fd ,slh dksbZ ikcanh ugha gS- dqN
det+ksj fL=k;ksa ds fu.kZ; dks bLyke ij u Fkksisa D;ksafd blds fo#) fdrus gh Hkkjrh; eqlyekuksa us fganqLrkuh
uke j[ks- eqx+y 'kkld vkSjax+t+sc us viuk uke uojax fcgkjh j[kk] ;qlwQ+ [k+ku&fnyhidqekj gks x,]
eqerkt+&eèkqckyk gks xbZ] ehuk dqekjh dk vlyh uke egtcha Fkk] l¸;n tokgj vyh tkQ+jh ^txnhi* gks x,-
bu lc us dyk o is'ks dh t+:jr iwjh djus ds fy, fganw uke j[ks- dHkh dksbZ Q+rok ugha vk;k] fdlh us ,rjkt+
ugha fd;k- gka ,d oxZ mu yksxksa dk t+:j gS tks bLyke et+gc esa vkLFkk ykrs gSa rks ^jke lsod* ls ^x+qyke
jlwy* cu tkrs gSa ;g mudh vkLFkk gS fd og fganw nsorkvksa ij j[ks uke NksM+dj eqfLye uk;dksa vkfn dk
uke pqusa ;k ughafnyhi
dqekj tc LosPNk ls lifjokj èkeZ ifjorZu djds vYykg j[kk jgeku ¼, vkj jgeku½ gks tkrs gSa
rks ;g mudh [kq'kh gS] bLyke dks muds fnyhi uke ls dksbZ vkifÙk ugha- cgqr ls fons'kh xksjs tks cukjl ds
xaxk?kkV ij fpye [khaprs fey tk,axs vius fganw uke j[k ysrs gSa- gjs jkek&gjs Ñ".kk ^dYV* ds dbZ fonsf'k;ksa
us vius vaxzst+h uke NksM+dj fganw uke j[ks- ;g futh Q+Slyk gksrk gS- tgka rd bLyke dk loky gS [+kqn eqgEen
lkgc ;k muds fj'rsnkjksa o vjcokfl;ksa us vius uke ugha cnys- ;g lc bLyke iwoZ ds uke gSa tks tl ds
rl bLyke esa vk x,- ;gwfn;ksa ls reke >xM+s ds ckotwn eqlyeku ;gwnh uke tSls ewlk] gk:u] bLekbZy]
lkjk] nkÅn] lqyseku] blgkd+] ;qlwQ] bZlk] efj;e o 'khck tSls ;gwnh uke [+kwc j[krs gSabLyke
dh u viuh dksbZ Hkk"kk gS] u laLÑfr] u os'kHkw"kk] u [kkuk] u jax] u fnu- eqfLye lektksa us ;g
Q+Slys vius LFkkuh; okrkoj.k ds vkèkkj ij fy, gSa- eè; ,f'k;k vkSj :l ds eqfLye bykd+ksa esa vjch uke
ugha feyrs] mlh rjg phu esa Hkh phuh uke ds eqlyeku gksrs gSa- vkSj ;g eqlyeku dksjek&fcj;kuh&flaobZ
Hkh ugha [kkrsinsZ
ds loky ij vkidh ckr cgqr gn rd lgh gS fd ekufld vuqdwyu dks LosPNk dk uke ugha fn;k
tk ldrk- ;d+huu T+;knkrj vkSjrsa blh vuqdwyu ds dkj.k cqd+kZ igurh gS- dqN bldk fojksèk Hkh djrh gSa
ysfdu bl ij rkTtqc u dfj;s fd dqN vkSjrsa cqdsZ esa viuh csjge x+jhch Nqikdj] 'kfe±nk gq, cx+Sj ?kj ls
ckgj dh nqfu;k esa vius dke fuiVk ikrh gSa- 'kk;n bl rcds dh fL=k;ksa ls vkidh dksbZ okD+Q+h;r ugha-
;d+huu eSa viuh ckr cp&cpdj dg jgh gwa D;ksafd eq>s ;g [k+;ky j[kuk gS fd lkjh nqfu;k dk eqlyeku
bdgjh igpku ugha gS- nwljs ;g fd eqlyeku efgykvksa ds xaHkhj elys x+Sj&t+:jh izfrfØ;kvksa dk f'kdkj u
gks tk,a- D;ksafd bl LraHk esa ftl lkQ+xksbZ ls eqlyeku enZokfn;ksa dks vkbZuk fn[kk;k tk jgk gS mls ipk ikuk
muds fy, eqf'dy gksxk- vki ftl eklwfe;r ls ^lc èkku ckbl ialsjh* dj ysrs gSa] og ^bLykfed Q+sefuT+e*
dks etcwr ugha] det+ksj djsxk] nwljs ^gal* tSlh egRoiw.kZ if=kdk dk d+herh Lisl Hkh lrgh LVhfj;ks Vkbfiax
dk f'kdkj gks tk,xk tks eqlyeku vkSjrksa dk cM+k uqd+lku gksxk- vkius bl fo"k; ij LFkk;h LraHk 'kq: dj
eqlyeku efgykvksa dh tn~nkstgn dks tks cgqewY; leFkZu fn;k gS og fganh if=kdkvksa us igys dHkh ugha fd;k bl
lacy ds fy, Hkkjrh; eqfLye Q+sefuT+e vkidk vkHkkjh jgsxk इस्लाम  esa ^fgtkc* vkSj insZ ds ckcr tks fgnk;rsa gSa mu ij vxys vadksa esa ckr gksxh] D;ksafd rkfyckuh
cqd+kZ ;k inkZ fdlh Hkh rjg lgh ugha Bgjk;k tk ldrk- ;g Hk; vkSj etcwjh dh fu'kkuh gS-

Thursday, November 5, 2009

magar kabhi-kabhi !

भले दिनों की बात है
भली- सी एक शक्ल थी
न ये के हुस्न- ए- ताम हो
न देखने में आम-सी

ना ये के वो चले तो
कहकशां सी रह - गुज़र लगे
मगर वो साथ हो तो फिर
भला-भला सफ़र लगे

कोई भी रुत् हो उसकि झाप
फ़ज़ा का रंग-रूप थी
वो गर्मियों की छाओं थी
वो सर्दियों कि धूप थी

ना मुददतों जुदा रहे
ना साथ सुभ-ओ-शाम हो
ना रिश्ता-ए-वफ़ा पे ज़िद
ना ये के अज़्न-ए-आम हो

ना ऐसी ख़ुश-लिबासियाँ
कि सादगी गिला करे
ना ऐसी बेतक्ल्लु.फी
कि आईना हया करे

ना इख्तेलात में वो रम
के बद-मज़ा हों .ख्वाहिशें
ना इस क़दर सुपुर्दगी
कि ज़िच करें नवाज़िशैं

ना आशिक़ी जुनून की
कि ज़िन्दिगी ख़राब हो
ना इस क़दर कठोरपन
कि दोस्ती ख़राब हो

कभी तो बात भी खफ़ि
कभी सकूत भी सुख़न
कभी तो काश्त-ए-.जा.फरान
कभी उदासियों का बन

सुना है एक उम्र है
मुआमलात-ए-दिल कि भी
विसाल-ए-जां-फ़िज़ा तो क्या
फ़िराक़-ए -जां गुसाल की भी

सो एक रोज़ क्या हुआ
वफ़ा पे बहस छिड़ गई
मैं इश्क़ को अमर कहूँ
वो मेरी ज़िद से चिढ़ गई

मैं इश्क़ का असीर था
वो इश्क़ को कफ़स कहे
कि उम्र भर के साथ को
वो बद-तर-अज हवस कहे

'शजर- हजर नहीं कि हम
हमेशा पा- बा- गिल रहें
न ढोर हैं कि रस्सियाँ
गले में मुस्तक़िल रहें

मुहब्बतों कि वुस्सतैं
हमारे दस्त-ओ-पा में हैं
बस एक दर से निस्बतें
सगन-ए-बा वफ़ा में हैं

मैं कोई पेंटिंग नहीं
कि एक फ्रेम में रहूँ
वोही जो मन का मीत हो
उसी के प्रेम में रहूँ

तुम्हारी सोच जो भी हो
मैं इस मिज़ाज की नहीं
मुझे वफ़ा से बैर है
येः बात आज की नहीं ..'

ना उस को मुझ पे मान था
ना मुझ को उस पे ज़ौम ही
जो एहद ही कोई न हो
तो क्या ग़म-ए-शिकस्तगी

सो अपना-अपना रास्ता
हंसी-ख़ुशी बदल लिया
वो अपनी राह चल पड़ी
मैं अपनी राह चल दिया

भली-सी एक शक्ल थी
भली-सी उसकि दोस्ती
अब उसकि याद रात-दिन
नहीं, मगर कभी - कभी ... !

Wednesday, November 4, 2009

Bhaley dino ki baat hai...!


Bhalay dinon ki baat hai
bhali si aik shakl thi
na yay ke husn e taam ho

na daikhnay main aam si

na yay k wo chalay tu

kehkashan si rah guzar lagay
magar wo saath ho tu phir

bhala bhala safar lagay

koi bhi rutt ho uss ki jhap
faza ka rang roop thi
wo garmioon ki chaoon thi
wo sardion ki dhoop thi

na muddaton juda rahay
na saath subh-o-shaam ho
na rishta-e wafa pay zid
na yay k azn-e-aam ho

na aisi khush libaasian
k saadgii gila karay
na aisi baytakalufi
k aaiinaa haya karay

na ikhtalaat main wo ram
k bud-maza hon khwahishain
na is qadar sapurdagi
k zich karain nawazishain

na aashiqii janoon ki
k zingadi kharaab ho
na iss qadar kathorr pan
k dosti kharaab ho

kabhi to baat bhi khafi
kabhi sakoot bhi sukhan
kabhi to kasht-e-zafra.n
kabhi udaasion ka ban

suna hai aik umr hai
muamlat-e-dil ki bhi
wisal-e-jan fiza to kya
faraq-e-jan gusal ki bhi


so aik roz kya hua
wafa pay behas chidhh gai
main ishq ko amar kahon
wo meri zid say chidhh gai


main ishq ka aseer tha
wo ishq ko kafas kahay
k umr bhar k saath ko
wo bud-tar az hawas kahay

'shajar hajar nahi k hum
hamesh pa ba gil rahain
na dhorr hain k rassian
galay main mustaqil rahain

mohabaton ki wusatain
humaray dast-o-pa main hain
bas aik dar say nisbatain
sagan-e-ba wafa main hain

main koi painting nahi
k ik frame main rahon
wohi jo man ka meet ho
ussi k praim main rahon

tumhari soch jo bhi ho
main is mizaaj ki nahi
mujhay wafa say bair hai
yeh baat aaj ki nahi..'

na uss ko mujh pay maan tha
na mujh ko uss pay zuam hi
jo ehad hi koi na ho
tu kya gham-e-shikastagi

so apna apna rasta
hansi khushi badal lia
wo apni rah chal parhi
main apni rah chal dia

bhali si aik shakal thi
bhali si uss ki dosti
ab uss ki yaad raat din
nahi, magar kabhi kabhi


Tuesday, October 13, 2009

खुद्कुश बमबार लड़के से





by- Neelam Ahmad Basheer

" सुर्ख़ सेबों जैसे गालों वाले ख़ूबसूरत लड़के
तुम्हारा नाम क्या है ?
क्या कहा अब्दुल क़य्यूम ?
अरे मेरे मुन्ने का भी तो येही नाम है
वोही जो सुबह इसी रास्ते से स्कूल गया है
जिस पे तुम जैकेट पहने जा रहे हो
तुम्हें कहीं मिला तो नहीं
शुक्र है इस वक्त तक तो वोह स्कूल पोहुँच गया होगा
उस के अब्बू इस ही सड़क की
एक पुलिस चौकी पे पहरा दे रहे हैं
अब्दुल क़य्यूम उन से रोज़ गले मिल के जाता है
तुम ने उन्हें देखा तो नहीं ?
खुदारा उन्हें अपना नाम न बता देना
कहीं वोह तुम्हें भी गले से न लगा लें ।"
***********************





Thursday, October 8, 2009

http://www.tehelka.com/story_main9.asp?filename=op122504stop_herding.asp

        EDIT/OP-ED/ TEHELKA

Stop Herding the Muslims

Sheeba Aslam Fehmi
        


How can the All India Muslim Personal Law Board decide for the entire community? Why have Indian Muslims given them this legitimacy?

In the last three decades, we have seen the ostrich-like approach of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board towards almost everything it has involved itself with, be it matters regarding Shari’ah laws, the Babri Masjid case, the Uniform Civil Code or the family planning issue. The controversy over triple talaq and birth control have been unnecessarily raked up recently, although the triple talaq issue has been settled by the apex court.

But the board is giving the impression that if the debate is still at its initial stages, it is authorised to arrive at some conclusion that would be acceptable to every Indian Muslim. In the process, it’s trying to make us believe in the impossibility that the Ahl-i Hadith, Shia and Ismaili sects, a minority among Muslims, also practice ‘similar’ personal laws or are ready to sink their theological differences to come under the umbrella of the Sunni personal law.

It’s impossible to even think of such a possibility. However, it’s about time to ask the board if it’s ‘competent’ enough to correctly interpret Shari’ah laws itself.

Not Allowed: women peep at Sufi saint Hazrat Nizamuddin’s dargah in Delhi photo by sharad saxena
It’s a farce. Not a single member of the board is a legal or academic expert on personal laws! But for the third president of the board, none of its four presidents so far have had professional expertise on Muslim personal laws. The ordinary members, incidentally, who are most vocal and visible and seem to be at the helm of affairs, are regulars from different fields: teachers, NGO operators, journalists, chartered accountants etc. They are deciding the fate of millions of Muslims in the fragmented Indian civil society. (Surely, the mockery of women’s representation in the board demands a separate exposé.)

Another paradox lies in the representation of different schools of Islamic thought in the board and their ideological positions. There are representatives from every Islamic school but all of them are lobbying for the Sunni Shari’ah law only. Indeed, there are four major schools among the Muslims: Hanafi and Shafai, Ahl-i-Hadith (Sunni), Shia and Ismaili (a Shia sect). The animosity and intolerance among these four sects is so deep that none enters another’s mosque to offer prayers — even in an emergency. Besides, there are strong social mores, personal laws, interpretation of the Quran and religio-social traditions etc., which act as natural or artificial divisions. A Dawoodi Bohra will not enter an Ismaili mosque or a Shia mosque though these are all sub-sects of the Shia stream. The level of tolerance is abysmally low. And every school of thought has its own personal laws.

Therefore, the concerted campaign by non-Sunni members to support the Sunni personal law in its present form is complicated by the fact that the Sunni laws in their contemporary form and praxis are obscurantist and retrogressive, and particularly harsh on women. If these members of Ahl-i Hadith, Shia and Ismaili school of thoughts believe that the law is the correct interpretation of the Quran, then they should start practicing it in their own personal matters. If they are adhering to their comparatively liberal faiths, then why are they lobbying for the monolithic ‘practice’ of a personal law for the whole of the Indian Muslim community? This can only be termed as a fraudulent and misleading gesture of the power-hungry ‘theological chieftains’ who never hesitate to unite whenever they face critical, rational, progressive and secular dissent.

There are uncanny questions the board just cannot hide. What are its aims and objectives? Who appoints its members? What are their eligibility conditions and duties? To whom are they accountable?
Another malignancy grips the board: its retrogressive approach towards non-issues ultimately end up helping all kinds of Muslim-bashers and fanatics in India. This year it was triple talaq and family planning, in 2002 the board created a meaningless controversy out of nowhere by demanding that Muslim children should be exempted from the Sarda Act (Child Marriage Prohibition Act) of 1923. In its 75 years of existence, not a single individual (Hindu or Muslim) has been convicted under this Act. When the law is practically defunct, then why should a contentious controversy be created, which only pushes Indian Muslims into a perpetually regressive and difficult corner?

The big question is, shouldn’t there be a ‘minimum marriageable age limit’? Islam was the first religion to introduce the ‘minimum marriageable age’ concept to let the girl child attain at least puberty — as the then Arab society was harsh towards women and considered them a scourge or stigma and looked for ways to get rid of them, including through marriage. Besides, the board should be aware that even countries like Bangladesh, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Algeria, Indonesia, Somalia, Tunisia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Egypt etc., all Islamic nations, are practicing the ‘minimum marriageable age’ limit for a long time now. If they can bring such progressive laws to improve their socio-economic conditions then why can’t we, the largest Muslim population of the world, follow a new code?

Alternatively, is there a subtle synchronisation between RSS’ pseudo-phobia of Muslims overtaking Hindus in numbers and the one-dimensional, orthodox response by Islamic religious heads in India? Is it not true that the Uniform Civil Code issue has been kept alive by fundamentalists on both sides?

As for triple talaq, the board has only exposed itself by rejecting the directives and interpretations of the authoritative book Majmu’a-e Qawanin-e Islam, brought out by the board itself under its third president and the ‘only personal law scholar and expert’, Maulana Mujahidul Islam Qasmi. It shows its members’ simulated commitment towards reforms.
Surrounded as we are by the neo-conservative forces of the Right, who are celebrating the clash of civilisations, it is all the more crucial to resurrect and reinvent the sense and sensibility of a modernist, progressive and sensitive stream of consciousness, which does not fall into the terrible abyss of feudal values
This book was quoted and a judgement was ordered based on its directives by the high court of Maharashtra (Aurangabad bench) in the Dagdhu Pathan versus Raheembi Dagdhu Pathan case: the court ruled that Muslim husbands will have to ‘prove their talaq and all preconditions prescribed by the Quran has to be duly fulfilled before resorting to the drastic act’. In response, the board tried to precipitate an agitation against the judicial directive. It only shows insincerity and lack of knowledge of its own history when it comes to the un-Islamic and unjust use of the concept of triple talaq.

There are too many uncanny questions the board just cannot hide. What are its aims and objectives? Who appoints its members? What are the eligibility criteria and duties? To whom are they accountable? How do they claim to represent the entire Indian Muslim community? What is the ‘model Muslim society’ they are aspiring for?

Should the crucial issues facing Indian Muslims be left to the apathetic, self-appointed and semi-informed group of people (who treat the community as a herd) just because they claim to lead an insecure minority community by hook or by crook? Or should it be left to the court of law which was authorised by Indian Muslims to implement the Shari’ah, as it is the only institution which can ensure that: Quranic provisions are followed; wanton acts are checked before the drastic plunge and girls of the community are not colonised as slaves under the medieval fetish of a macho orthodoxy.

These questions are in the domain of the civil society and it’s time the civil society wakes up and engages with its own reality of contradictions, mental shackles, unfreedoms and bad faith. This is the essence of the crisis facing the Muslim community in India.

Between the ‘abc’ of enlightenment and cultural and political equality in the contemporary era, Indian Muslims must realize their unique position in a secular, pluralist and diverse nation. Surrounded as we are by the neo-conservative forces of the Right, who are celebrating the clash of civilizations, it is all the more crucial to resurrect and reinvent the sense and sensibility of a modernist, progressive and sensitive stream of consciousness, which does not fall into the terrible abyss of feudal values. It’s a tough trap which Muslim women in India must break.

The writer is editor of a Hindi monthly, Headline Plus, based in Old Delhi,
December 25, 2004, Tehelka-
    http://sheez-paradigmshift.blogspot.com/2009/10/apni-betiyon-se-darey-huey-log.html

Wednesday, June 24, 2009

Law on Live-in-relationship


SAHARA TIME

Law on Live-in-relationship 


The Maharashtra cabinet's move to legalize live-in relationships is raising more questions than answers


Pragya Bharati

THE Maharashtra cabinet with chief minister Vilasrao Deshmukh in the chair has given its nod to amending section 125 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) to protect the pecuniary interests of the 'other woman'. As the CrPC comes under the concurrent list which is under the jurisdiction of the central government, the cabinet's proposal would be sent to the Centre for the President's assent.The Maharashtra cabinet's recommendation tothe Centre to enact a law to legalizelive-in relationships has opened up a Pandora's   box.The issue has got a mixedresponse and has created a controversy sorts. Purists  believe that legalizing live-in relationships would encourage permissiveness,but Gen X believes that such relationships should be given legal rights.The amendment would protect the interests of women involved in polygamous or live-in relationships. According to the proposed amendment, the definition of 'wife'under section 125 needs to be changed toinclude a woman who has been living with aman like his wife for a "reasonably long period." However, the state has not specified theterm 'reasonably long period' that a woman

INTERVIEW • INDIRA JAI SINGH, Supreme Court lawyer and activist

The intention of the bill is toprotect the rights of womenL ive-in arrangementshave been found to be more convenient for asection of society thatbelieves in sharing as long as it's not boring. Whether theMaharashtra government'sproposal to legalise live-in relationships gets the centralgovernment's nod or not, therewon't be any adverse effect on the makeshift relationships a law permits two adults to choose the way of their life. However, the recent amendmentsin some criminal laws seek to do justice to women who complain of high-handedness by men. The Domestic Violence Act (DVA) is one, granting protection to women who have been subjected to violence.

Sahara Time correspondent Soni Sinha spoke to Supreme Court lawyer and activist Indira Jal Singh on the recently introduced Live-in relationship Bill that has the Maharashtra government's approval.
Excerpts: Q. What is the implication of the Live-in relationship Bill in your opinion?
A. The intention of the bill is to protect the rights of women who are living with men under the impression that they are lawfully married to them. The problem arises because there is no law for the compulsory registration of marriages. As a result there is no independent way of finding out if a man is already married when he enters into another marriage. Such marriages are void, leaving the woman high and dry. In such situations, the woman needs to be given maintenance. The bill will achieve that purpose.
Q. Does it, in anyway, safeguard or jeopardize the institution of marriage and the family?
A. Apart from such women who have been married and hold the legal sanction of being the 'wife' of xyz in society, women who choose to live in 'relationships' should not be discriminated against only because they are not married and hence must receive maintenance. To deny them this right would mean discrimination.
Q. What is the main intention of bringing the bill when Section 125 of the CrPc under the Domestic Violence Bill already exists?
A. The government of Maharashtra has proposed to amend the definition of the word 'wife' under Section 125 of the CrPC to include a woman who was living with aman like his wife for a reasonably long period. The difficulty lies when the state does not specify the term - 'reasonably long period' in which a woman needs to stay with a man to be deemed a wife for the purposes of Section 125.
Q. Is it in anyway actually safeguarding the rights of the male?
A. No comment.
Q. What is the status of the children born out of sucha relationship, legally and socially speaking?
A. Children of void marriages are given inheritance rightsat present. However, childrenfrom live-in relationships may not have such rights. I do not think this is an issue of morality. People arrange their lives in many different ways and all these must be respected so long as they do not affect anyone else.

RANJANA KUMARI, women's rights activist: The new definition of a wife to be
defined under the proposed change in theCrPC would providesome financialprotection to them. The amendment would be more useful to women living in the rural areas. In villages and backward areas of the country, polygamy still exists but the law does not provide any rights to the second 'wife' rendering her extremely vulnerable. Indian cities have been witnessing a growing number of live-in relationships and the issue needs to be dealt with. The bill is going to provide protection to such vulnerable people.  

NAFISA ALI, social activist: No one who is close to a commitment of a lifetime and has children out of such relations, should encourage a change of VOICES OF WELCOME attitude after being in it for a period where he/she has sought any support from each other. If the Maharashtra government has come up with a law safeguarding this kind of relationship, then it should be respected as it is in the interest of such individuals. What problems it will create for a family or the institution of marriage remains to be seen as that is a separate issue.

ANUPAM KHER, actor: A discussion has started in the country about the status of women in society, thedignity of the institution of marriage, the rights of alegally wedded  wife, polygamy and so many other issues. Newspapers,TV channels and newswebsites are full of opinions about these issues. Butthese discussions only goto increase the TRP ratings.
Though the intent might be proper but the law can be misused. It is being opposed both by the ruling Congress and the opposition Bharatiya Janata Party. The BJP has
decided to launch an agitation over the issue needs to stay with a man to be treated as
his wife. The proposal, based on the recommendations of the Justice MallimathCommittee, says that if a man and awoman are living together as husband
and wife for a reasonably long period,then the man shall be deemed to have
married the woman. As per section 125of the CrPC, the woman would even be
entitled to alimony. But women will not have the right to property.
A NIMHANS study gives credence tothe fact that these changes will indeed help inreducing crime and cruelty against women.M N Gilani, principal secretary (lawand judiciary), said that the amendment to section 125 of the CrPC would discourage
men from denying their marriage. As per the existing provisions, a
legally married woman who does not have employment or earnings, is entitled to maintenance. The Act also recognizes the right to maintenance of a child born outside wedlock. The state government has decided toamend the Act because women have been denied maintenance in certaincases in the past. There had been many instances of women getting cheated bytheir husbands on the pretext of being unmarried or being divorcees. In somecases, a man defends himself by saying that his marriage with the other woman is void as he has another living spouse. Gilani said that the purpose of the amendment is to do away with the

SABRINA LAL,rights activist:
People who are in a live-in relationshipare going to be in therelation anyway. The proposed amendment is only for the purposes of section 125 of the CrPC and is about the maintenancefor a woman when she is unable to maintain herself. Allother fears about its effects onsociety, families, the institution of marriage and on married life are baseless. It is only a step to remove the difficulties of the woman in a live-in relationship with a man or separating after such a relationship.

SHEEBA FEHMI, social activist:
All those who are against this law must understand that such changes are driven by circumstances. When the Supreme Court and the cabinet of Maharashtra have taken
a decision on it we should give it serious thought and should not shun it in the name of "Indian Culture". There must have been a serious necessity for such laws to protect women living under informal relationships. Secondly, culture is not the supreme value which needs to be protected at the cost of human and civil rights violations. Culture is invoked only in the case of women's empowerment and everything becomes 'positive progress' when a male is the beneficiary. Therefore, it is the right time. We must stop putting things in over simplified 'good' and 'bad' categories because there are gray areas as well, which affect our life and we need to act accordingly and Those who oppose this law must understand that the socio- economic cost of marriages has driven the younger generation to such a simple solution. Moreover, for those who go into such relationships only for the sake of fashion or adventurism, this law will definitely deter them and take the fizz out of it by making the male spouse as responsible as a 'legal husband'. It is right that this bill in its present form is at its nascent stage and needs refinement. It needs to define many issues such as 'considerable time' etc. It also needs to differentiate between the already married man having another companion in the form of a live-in relationship and a monogamous couple being in a neat live-in relationship. It also needs to clarify the complications over inheritance among children, succession and natural heir's status. It must streamline the status of female spouses amongst them. These anomalies may be looked after with some profound understanding of the situation. One should not oppose this law which is a need of the changing times, citing these snags. Do not throw out the baby along with the bath water.
                                                                             • Soni Sinha   



requirement of women to prove their marriage to claim maintenance. "If evidence
shows the woman lived with aman for a reasonably long period... she would be entitled to maintenance," the note says. G K Karanth, head of the departmentof sociology, Institute of Socio-Economic Change, says that thoughrigid prudishness over relationships isgradually easing, especially among theyounger generation, the element ofsanctity of a marriage still remains. He says: "We still believe inIndianness. What we are witnessing atpresent is just an  'event'in sociological  terms. The sudden openness to live-in relationships is superficial. People still respect the institution of marriage, advocate arranged marriage and confine sex to their homes. Tolerance has increasedbut acceptance  has a long way to go." Sindhu Kamat, an anthropologist,says: "We are miles away when it comes to aping the west over such issues.Caressing, cuddling or kissing with sexual overtures are very common in the west. It is still a far cry in India even in the metros." Though the intent might be proper but
the law can be misused. It is beingopposed both by the ruling Congress and the opposition Bharatiya JanataParty (BJP). The BJP has decided to launch an agitation over the issue. Partyspokesperson Shaina NC expressed fearthat the law could be grossly misused. "According to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, there is no provision for a second wife for a Hindu. Hence, enabling the mistress to get the status of a legal wife, including a share in the property, inheritance and maintenance are contrary to the Act as well as Hindu customs," she said. Shaina says: "The proposed amendment has immense potential for misuse, both by men and women. There is a provisionfor maintenance in the DomesticViolence Act, which also recognizes live-in relationship as a family member.There is no need of any other Act." Apart from the political parties, thecommon people too have mixed reac- tions to the legalization of live-in relationships.Nikita Shah, a professional working in an MNC, feels that the governmentneed not bring in legislation to regulate live-in relationships. She says,"If two individuals have decided to havea relationship with the consent of each other and are living together without marriage, then they would have planned the way out in case the relationship fails. It is not for the state to decide." Anuj Bhattacharya, an entrepreneur, says that the period for which the couple live together should be defined to ensurethat it couldn't be misused. "A legislation should be brought if instances of it would serve little purpose," he says. Kolkata sociology professor Prasanta Barik's research shows that the chances of divorce are greater among married couples who had lived together first.
One of the significant reasons is that they live a life far lower than marriedcouples. In most of the cases they cannot upgrade their living style even after getting married which  increases  the risk ofa break up. "In fact, living together does not necessarily
lead to marriage. Most of them stay together without getting married.
One of the many reasons why men say they are reluctant to get married is because they can simply live with a woman and enjoy the same benefits without marrying her," he said. According to legal experts, the law can be misused. Women with uncertain motives can claim advantages under the proposed law even for "one-night stands" or "temporary relationships", with few options available for the legally- wedded wife or husband. The same goes for men facing turbulent marriages or fighting divorce cases who can now simply ignore these impediments and get on in life with the 'other woman',who will be accorded legal status. Manish Munshi, an advocate, saysthat the amendment goes contrary to the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, which hasno provision for a second wife. He says
that once live-in couples invoke the proposedamended law, it would mean anadmission on their part that there is a'second wife.'

Social activist Flavia Agnes, however,welcomes the government decision. According to her, men who used to denysuch a relationship on the ground thatthe marriage was never conducted asper Hindu rites, shall now have no escape route and would have to stopsuch practises. She said that the amendment wouldprotect the rights of these women who had limited protection under the Domestic Violence Act, 2005. As for thechildren out of such relationships, she said that they are already being recognised so it would not affect their status in any manner. It would be interesting to see how the legislation empowers those who are really in need of it. It would be more interesting to see how the judges would decide which woman deserves maintenance. With the new law, the lines of demarcation will run thin and it may be open to misuse. Already under fire, one can only wait and watch if it will be approved by the Centre to become a law or not.

With inputs from Alpana Ghosh in Kolkata and B Shekhar in Bangalore CED Documentation is for your personal reference and study only

                        
            Sahara Times, Magazine, 25 Oct 2008